نقد و بررسی دیدگاه های نسبی گرا در شناخت «قضایای تحلیلی» و «قضایای ترکیبی»

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده


عنوان مقاله [English]

Critical Survey of Relativistic Views in Knowledge of “Analytic” and “Synthetic” Propositions

نویسنده [English]

  • Ahmad AboTorabi
چکیده [English]

One of the most controversial problems in western epistemology is the division of propositions into analytic and synthetic. This division drew the attention of many proponents and opponents and faced many objections. One the most important objections which if valid enough, can destroy the basis of this division and resulting epistemological consequences is the of relativity of both analytic as well as  synthetic propositions. Since this objection can somewhat impact similar propositions in Islamic tradition of logic and philosophy, it is worth discussing with especial importance.
The claim of relativity of analytic and synthetic propositions has been variously formulated by Oberheart, Mass, Bent, Luise, Wiseman and Smith. This article is to first explain these statements of the problem and then to give due responses to it and finally concluded that on the basis of valid epistemological principles analytic and synthetic propositions are relative.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • analytic proposition
  • synthetic proposition
  • epistemic relativism
  • epistemic absolutism
  • Proposition
  • statement
  • predicate