عنوان مقاله [English]
Having introduced briefly the doctrine of natural rule and its characteristics in the West, the present article is to advocate this rational theory of freedom. In doing so, with emphasis on three levels of human soul and observation of its natural possibilities the article goes on to explain philosophically the gift of freedom and its limits in terms of original theory of natural rule in Islam.
The result of this philosophical new plan is that the true gift of freedom is first of two positive and negative aspects. In addition, the rational argument for natural rule in Islamic faith shed light on limits of freedom. The outcome of this rational rule is regarded as valuable and sacred all sorts of religious freedom that are identified through reason and scripture. In other words, it is shown on the basis of rational argument that Islamic faith restricts as well as sanctifies human freedoms in all aspects of individual and social life. Observing the religious standards of Islam, freedom can be a gift that leads all human beings to eternal happiness. By contrast, sorts of freedom that are opposed to Islam are against human perfection and lacking in value and so unsacred that make man wretched.