عنوان مقاله [English]
In the present article the most important epistemological discussions on conjectures are to be examined and explored. The history of this term as well as its definition was surveyed. The article goes on to discuss the nature of conjecture, its distinction with experience, difference with inspiration, its independence from reason, and the distinction between the conjectural and experimental in the eyes of Islamic thinkers. The self-evidence of conjectural propositions is also to be considered and the objections raised on this claim are to be reviewed and assessed. Finally it takes a short glance at the epistemic validity of the conjectures.