عنوان مقاله [English]
The correspondence of the worlds is a principle in transcendent theosophy of Mulla Sadra on which the ways worlds are relared are determined. In his view, existence is divided into four worlds of the Divine, Intellectual, Imaginal and material. Sadra characterizes the relations of these worlds in terms of shell and kernel, encompassing and encompassed, truth and its reflection and finally a correspondence relation. This type of relation indicates a sort of identity and difference to the effect that the lower worlds are present in the higher worlds in a supreme and more perfect way. According to the correspondence principle any quiddity in material world exists through a particular being and in higher worlds through its imaginal, intellectual and divine mode of being. This principle is explained and demonstrated on the bases and foundations typical of this philosophical school. These are purity and simplicity of being, gradational nature of existence, analysis of the very being of effect as copula a relational one and finally the reduction of causality to manifestation. These principles and foundations led transcendent philosophy to demonstration of individual unity of being. As a result and in the last analysis Mulla Sadra speaks of effects not as modes of being but as manifestations of Being and thus he substitutes the correspondence of worlds of manifestation for that of worlds of existence.